Meaning & purpose

Citation is the preferred form for citing a dataset or collection to enable data to be referenced in the same way as researchers routinely provide a bibliographic reference to publications. Use of this element enables datasets to be cited independently of any associated publications. Citation of datasets promotes recognition of their value as research outputs in their own right and facilitates reuse.

Citation metadata can be recorded as a single text string or split into its components that can be more readily machine-read (preferred). The CitationInfo element is a wrapper for the child elements:

The child elements listed below are contained within the CitationMetadata wrapper element. The format and obligations of the elements ensure the CitationMetadata element is flexible and extensible enough to cater for citation requirements across disciplines, and is closely aligned with other standards including the DataCite Metadata Schema:

Citation Information attributes

Citation Metadata

Citation Identifier Type

If CitationMetadata is used, an Identifier and its Type are required. Preferably specify a type from the Identifier Type vocabulary. Local types may also be used.

abnAustralian Business Number
arcAustralian Research Council identifier (Grant ID)
arkArchival Resource Key identifier administered by the University of California Digital Library
AU-ANL:PEAUNational Library of Australia party identifier (formerly nla:)
doiDigital Object Identifier Name
ean13International Article Number
eissnelectronic International Standard Serial Number
fundrefCrossRef Funder Registry of standardised funder names
gridGlobal Research Identifier Database
handleHANDLE System Identifier
igsnInternational Geo Sample Number
infouri'info' URI scheme administered by OCLC on behalf of NISO
isbnInternational Standard Book Number
isilInternational Standard Identifier for Libraries and Related Organizations
isniInternational Standard Name Identifier
issnInternational Standard Serial Number
istcInternational Standard Text Code
lissnlinking ISSN (ISSN-L)
localidentifer unique within a local context
mediaTypeThe Media Type (MIME type) of the information taken from the IANA assignment list
nhmrcNational Health and Medical Research Council grant identifier
orcidOpen Researcher and Contributor Identifier
pubMedIDUS Library of Medicine PubMed Unique Identifier
purlPersistent Uniform Resource Locator
raidResearch Activity Identifier
researcherIDThomson Reuters ResearcherID
rorResearch Organization Registry
scopusIDScopus author identifier
upcUniversal Product Code
uriUniform Resource Identifier
urnUniform Resource Name

Citation Date Type

If CitationMetadata is used, a Date and its Type are required. Preferably specify a type from the Citation Date Type vocabulary. Local types may also be used.



 the date when the data was or will be made publicly available


 the date the resource is made publicly available. May be a range, or indicate the end of an embargo period


 the date the resource itself was put together; this could be a date range or a single date for a final component, e.g. the finalised file with all of the data


 any relevant date not otherwise specified


 the date that the publisher accepted the resource into their system


 the date the creator submits the resource to the publisher. This could be different from dateAccepted if the publisher then applies a selection process


 use when publicationDate is a range


 the date that the resource is published or distributed e.g. to a data centre


 the date of the last update to the resource, when the resource is being added to. (Equivalent to Datacite 'Updated')


 use when publicationDate is a range


 the date or date range during which the dataset or resources are accurate

Citation Contributor Sequence attribute

If more than one contributor is recorded in CitationMetadata, the Sequence attribute can optionally be used to specify the order in which contributors should appear in a formatted citation. Use cardinal numbers to denote the sequence.

Full Citation

Citation Style attribute

If a citation is provided as a block of text within the FullCitation element, optionally the Style attribute can be specified, preferably from the Citation Style vocabulary. Local terms may also be used.




 Harvard University


 American Psychological Association


 Modern Language Association of America


 International Committee of Medical Journal Editors


 Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers


 Council of Science Editors


 Chicago Manual of Style


 American Medical Association


 Australian Style Manual


 Australian Guide to Legal Citation


 American Chemical Society


 International Data Citation

Use in Research Data Australia

Where CitationInfo has been provided, the citation will display in Research Data Australia when the 'Cite' button is clicked:

The citation can be exported to referencing software such as EndNote or EndNote Web.  

Citation identifiers are displayed within Research Data Australia as provided by the data provider, as clickable links (when possible), and prefixed with the identifier type.

If CitationMetadata is used, then parties are ordered in the citation in the order defined in the metadata, otherwise the parties are listed in the order they appear under the record title in the citation.

Best practice

Providing a citation for collections in Research Data Australia is recommended. Citations support the reuse of, and long-term access to, collections. 

Identifier and URL elements in CitationMetadata

XML encoding examples

For the reference: Irino, T; Tada, R (2009): Chemical and mineral compositions of sediments from ODP Site 127-797. V. 2.1. Geological Institute, University of Tokyo. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.726855.

      <identifier type="doi"></identifier>
      <contributor seq="1">
         <namePart type="family">Irino</namePart>
         <namePart type="given">T</namePart>
      <contributor seq="2">
         <namePart type="family">Tada</namePart>
         <namePart type="given">R</namePart>
      <title>Chemical and mineral compositions of sediments from ODP Site 127-797</title>
      <publisher>Geological Institute, University of Tokyo</publisher>
      <date type="publicationDate">2009</date>

      <identifier type="local">CIT001</identifier>
      <contributor seq="1">
         <namePart type="family">Butler</namePart>
         <namePart type="given">C</namePart>
      <contributor seq="2">
         <namePart type="family">Stevenson</namePart>
         <namePart type="given">R</namePart>
      <title>Oral History 2</title>
      <version>1st edition</version>
      <placePublished>Houston, Texas</placePublished>
      <publisher>NASA Johnson Space Center</publisher>
      <date type="date">1999</date>

     <fullCitationstyle="Datacite"> Irino, T; Tada, R (2009): Chemical and mineral compositions of sediments from ODP Site 127-797. V. 2.1. Geological Institute, University of Tokyo. (dataset). https://doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.726855 

Change history

Date            Change history
26 Oct 2010First publication
24 Jan 2011Corrected RIF-CS examples to reflect required sequence of elements; added link to Datacite examples page
13 July 2011Additional information about exporting citation information
21 July 2011Removed link to now-deleted DataCite examples page
21 Nov 2011Added information about new publisher element introduced with RIF-CS v1.3.0, amended examples to include publisher, added definitions for date vocabulary
29 Nov 2011Added link to information about URL displays for identifiers
30 Nov 2011

Corrected date type in second RIF-CS example (was "year", now "date")

10 Oct 2012Removed "initial" name parts from xml examples
19 Nov 2012Updated to reflect changes endorsed by RAB to align this element with the DataCite schema
12 Dec 2013Added information to the Best Practice and Use in Research Data Australia sections.
15 July 2014Added information about exporting Research Data Australia records to EndNote.
06 Sep 2018Added information about ordering of parties in the citation pop-out in Research Data Australia.
1 Mar 2019Updated Full Citation XML example to reflect current DataCite schema requirements (v4.1). Updated link to DataCite citation format.
30 Oct 2019Updated the advice regarding the display order of parties in the citation pop-out in Research Data Australia (R34)